UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Name of Author: 
Noor Aini Bte Mohamed Kawaja Kamaludin
Thesis (M.Ed.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Ng, Aik Kwang
Year of completion: 
Country of Research Data: 

The teacher is the most fundamental person in preparing a conducive environment for creativity to take place. The attitude of the teachers towards students can actually make or break the creative potential of students. It is known that teachers vary in their attitude towards students. Some teachers are conservative-autocratic while others are liberal-democratic. Research has shown that these two attitudes have a great impact on the learning outcomes of students. While conservative-autocratic teachers are known to be more conventional, liberal-democratic ones tend to be more idiosyncratic. From a creativity perspective, a conventional individual adopts an adaptive style of creative problem-solving (i.e. doing things better). On the other hand, an idiosyncratic individual adopts an innovative style of creativity (i.e. doing things differently). This study aims to verify these hypotheses; by finding out if conservative-autocratic teachers are more adaptive while liberal-democratic teachers are more innovative in their teaching styles. 133 trainee teachers were involved in this study. They were from the National Institute of Education. They completed a self-report questionnaire which consists of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) and the Teacher's Attitude towards Students (TATS) scales. The KAI scale measures the cognitive style of the respondents on the adaption-innovation continuum. The TATS scale measures the two teaching attitudes, namely, the liberal-democratic and the conservative-autocratic attitudes. Using Pearson's Correlation analysis, positive and significant correlations were found between the KAI and the two teaching attitudes supporting both hypotheses. That is, conservative-autocratic teachers are more adaptive in their creative styles while liberal-democratic teachers are more innovative in their creative styles.

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