UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Name of Author: 
Liu, Fang
Institute: 
Thesis (M.Ed.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Supervisor: 
Zhang, Ai Dong
Year of completion: 
2006
Country: 
Singapore
Country of Research Data: 
Singapore
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

21st century is the time of the information economy, the development of which is changing our society quickly. In order to adapt ourselves to the living surroundings, we must innovate continuously. So in recent years, the concern for creative thinking has become one of the major agenda items in the area of educational study and teaching practice. E.g. this national agenda was intensified when the ìthinking schools, learning nationî initiative was launched in June 1997 Singapore, with the thinking program in place, all school teachers were expected to impart various types of thinking skills especially creative thinking skill to their students. This research study aim to (1) integrating the classical Chinese poetryís aesthetic characteristic, investigate the creative factors embodied in the poetry, and take which as a baseline study to explore the practical tactics; (2)study how these strategies can develop studentsí creative thinking ability when applying it into teaching practice and examine the effects of these tactics. Based on many scholarsí studies on creative thinking, this thesis clarified the gradation on the capable of studentsí creative thinking in the part of literature review. It is a kind of primary creativeness and is not involve with social value, that is to say, it is only suitable for development of individual. Taking the studies on the poetryís aesthetic characteristics which were made by our predecessors as the basis, the creative factors embodied in the classical Chinese poetry were discussed from angle of the poetryís language and image in the second part of the thesis, and according to these factors, some practical tactics were studied as well in the course of teaching the classical Chinese poetry, which aimed to develop studentsí creative thinking ability. In order to determine the effects of how the above strategies can develop studentsí creative thinking ability when applying it into teaching practice, the third part of this dissertation explored a quasi-experiment and provided a teaching example. A total of 60 students were involved in this experiment, response data from studentsí questionnaires were collected and analyzed to evaluate the studentsí attitude towards the learning of classical Chinese poetry, which revealed that the above strategies could significantly stimulate studentsí creative consciousness, thus implied that it can enhance students' creative thinking ability. Then followed by a teaching example, which particularly and accurately clarifies the bilateral activity between teachers and students in class, whose original intention is to play an exemplary role in developing the studentsí capability of creative thinking. The conclusion of the study is that the classical Chinese poetry which embodied so many creative factors can be used to promote students' creative thinking ability; and some teaching strategies were provided as well. In a world, we should exert ourselves to stimulate the studentsí participant and creative consciousness, bring up their creative spirit, inspire their creative impulsion, and open up actively their success to the kingdom of creative thinking ultimately. If we can guide our students to appreciate the classical Chinese poetry creatively from different facets with taking the advantages of the poetryís aesthetic characteristics, and cultivate their ability on raising doubts and difficult questions for discussion, the ability on association and imagination during the teaching processes, all the above goals can be achieved.

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