UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Name of Author: 
Lim, Kian Chye
Institute: 
Thesis (M.A.) (Instructional Design & Technology) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Supervisor: 
Wang, Qiyun
Year of completion: 
2005
Country: 
Singapore
Country of Research Data: 
Singapore
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

In the past twenty years, teaching of picture composition has been part of the syllabus for Mother Tongue in the primary school education. Under such school curriculum for Mother Tongue, pupils from Primary Three to Primary Four are required to complete ten picture compositions per year. A series of four black and white line-drawn pictures with some helping vocabulary items are given to the pupils and they are required to complete the composition writing task with at least eighty words with a given time frame of 40 minutes. For the Primary Five and Primary Six pupils, a series of six black and white line-drawn pictures with some helping vocabulary items are given. Then, they are required to complete the composition writing task with at least a hundred words. The curriculum quota for them is also to complete ten compositions including picture compositions and situational essays. The standard time frame to complete the picture composition assignment is 50 minutes. This paper examines the possibility of integrating colour photographs into teaching Chinese picture composition from Primary Three to Primary Six to improve pupils' writing skills. This study followed the action research approach. Two schools involving 194 pupils from Primary Three, Primary Four and Primary Six Chinese Language teachers took part in the study. The results indicated that majority of the pupils were in favour of using colour photographs in picture composition writing. Also, the pupils had shown improvement in writing picture compositions. Furthermore, using colour photographs to conduct picture composition lessons has the potential to reduce teachers' workload of preparing picture composition lessons when more colour photographs are available in the future.

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