UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Name of Author: 
Mini Sathiya Sidhan
Thesis (M.A.) (Instructional Design & Technology) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Wettasinghe, Cyraine Marissa
Year of completion: 
Country of Research Data: 

The Educational Technology Division (ETD) creates media such as educational videos (eVideos) and audio programmes to support the national curriculum. ETD has been exploring possibilities of collaborating with schools to create media to build schools' capacity at creating resources that meets their own specific needs. The first such collaborative project that ETD embarked on, where the designers of the media were students, was a DVD project referred to as Trees. The Trees DVD project used a thematic approach in developing the content in the DVD project. It used the interactivity provided by DVD technology to provide multi-disciplinary dimensions to the theme of "trees". Three schools came on board this project and contributed the content on the different dimensions on the theme. They also authored the DVD with the professional input and resources rendered by the expertise of Ngee Ann Polytechnic and NParks. A key expectation in managing and completing the project is the pupils' ability at the various skills in video production such as conceptualisation, scriptwriting, storyboarding, video and audio recording, editing, etc as well as knowledge about copyrights clearance. The ability to manage and complete the project is also largely addressed by examining the role of the teacher and the teachers' ability to manage a video team. As a pioneer, the experience from the Trees DVD project will provide important directions for future projects. Hence, a needs assessment is proposed to determine a collaborative model for future projects. This study will examine the needs, capabilities and constraints of both ETD and schools for media creation between ETD and schools. The problem statement in this study was : How can ETD facilitate media creation by schools? To address the problem statement more specifically, two research questions needed to be answered. 1. What are the skill sets required by teacher-facilitators to supervise a video team effectively? 2. What were the difficulties faced by the schools in creating the media? The study was based on Rossett's model for needs assessment. Needs assessments are conducted at the beginning of any training or development process to identify gaps between what should be happening referred to as optimals and what is actually happening, termed actuals (Rossett, 1987). Out of the five purposes that Rossett states for needs assessment (Rossett, 1987), this study will focus on deriving optimals to help trainers gather information about the desired performance or knowledge to do a job well because ETD's purpose would be to address the preparation for new technologies or approaches, where the needs assessment will often focus on determining the optimals and feelings for the given situation (Rossett, 1995). This study will compare newly collected optimals with extant actuals to establish anticipated gaps in the teacher's ability to facilitate student video teams. The findings of the investigation will be used to propose a training solution for schools to fill the anticipated performance gap in video-making in schools and any other non-training issues that will need to be addressed to carry out future media creation projects in schools.

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