UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Title of Proceedings: 
Paper presented at the international conference on Redesigning Pedagogy: Research, Policy, Practice held at National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Month of Conference: 
May 30 - June 1 2005
Name(s) of Author/Editor(s): 
Alexis L.H. Pang
Visualization technology is developing rapidly and provides a spectrum of possibilities for educationalintegration in the Singapore context. There is thus a need for research data to stimulate the integration ofinnovative visualization methods with pedagogical practice. Classroom-based research was conducted touncover the educational usefulness of dynamic and interactive data visualization and exploration methodsthrough the use of the Cartographic Data Visualiser (CDV) software.Two groups of first-year Advanced Level Geography students of similar academic abilities wereexposed to different levels of data dynamism and data interactivity within a simulative educational episode in acomputer laboratory. Their written responses to stimulus questions, and behaviour during the experimentalcomputer laboratory session were analyzed.The experimental group utilizing the CDV software provided a greater number of high-qualityresponses to a majority of the stimulus questions, compared to the control group. This indicated positiveeducational effects of dynamic and interactive visualizations, especially in aspects of visual understanding andcreative thinking. However, such positive results were not observed with students’ analyses of statisticalpatterns, indicating possible weaknesses of the CDV visualization environment in facilitating statistical thinkingfor first-year Advanced level Geography students. Singaporean students’ lack of confidence in dealing withstatistical data was also suggested.A preliminary understanding of the educational effectiveness of dynamic and interactive datavisualization and exploration has been achieved. Insights were also gained in the areas of CDV softwarecapabilities and limitations, and their relationship to lesson design. New research directions in education andvisualization were also charted.
Country of Research: 
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