UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version
Name of Author: 
Hanizah Binti Abdul Bahar
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Year of completion: 
Country of Research Data: 

The study focuses on a preschool teacher's perception and views about the usage and the

integration of music in her daily teaching and learning process in her classroom at

Prasekolah Seri Mawar, Institut Pendidikan Guru, Kampus Ipoh, Hulu Kinta, Perak.

This qualitative research uses the case study method as the main aspect of the research.

Three major questions were derived and the data were gained through interviews,

observations, field notes and other related academic research. The questions were; (1)

When is music used to help the preschool teacher in her daily teaching and learning

process?; (2) How does the preschool teacher integrate and use music in her teaching

and learning process? and; (3) What are the problems faced by preschool teacher when

using and integrating music into classroom? An interview protocol with semi structured

questions was constructed as the research instrument. Observations were recorded and

written as field notes for analysis. Data results were coded and analyzed. The literature

review provided historical and foundational information related to the case study. Based

on the research, findings show that; (a) musical intelligence can be used to aid preschool

children in the learning process; (b) music is used as a background music to accentuate

the students' mood and wellbeing; (c) music integration that occurs in childhood level is

as an important tool in the thematic approach to achieve good results in their learning

process; (d) educator's perception of usage and  music integration proves to be

beneficial to preschool students academically, behaviourally and emotionally thus

enhancing the mind development as well as the aesthetic awareness; (e) Music

integration may help students achieve where other curricular methods' have failed them;

(f) educators need to be more creative and find ways to enhance teaching using and

integrating music into classroom; (g) There were some issues pertaining to the

importance of training and long or short term programs for educators to use and

integrate music into classroom and; (h) the misconceptions of others in these matters.

From this research, it is hoped that it will bring light for those who are interested in both

childhood and music education. Usage and integration of music into classroom indeed

proves to be a useful tool towards developing a sound and well rounded person. A

balanced and well rounded person is one of the key aspects in the National Education

Philosophy's goal. The researcher hopes that this research will provide useful

information about understanding and the implementation of this method for all who are

interested and involved in this profession.

Start New Search

Browse by Category

Browse by Type


Do you have an article or research paper relating to arts education? Submit to our database!