UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version
Name of Author: 
Nakazawa, Noriko
Institute: 
Columbia University Teachers College
Supervisor: 
Abeles, Harold F.
Page numbers of theses: 
209
Year of completion: 
1988
Country: 
USA
Country of Research Data: 
Japan, USA
Language: 
English
Abstract: 
A considerable problem in Japan is the lack of interest shown by Japanese youth towards traditional music. This problem may be the result of the globalization of Japan coupled with an ineffective approach to music education. It was with this background that the researcher put forward the assumption that the increased globalization encountered by Japanese youth in America, particularly contact with other nationalities, would increase their appreciation of ethnic music but reduce their interest in Japanese music. Thus, a detailed analysis, which included the study of children from Japan and the United States, was conducted to confirm the hypothesis. The first part of the study involved a review of music education in Japan. The findings revealed that a conscious effort was undertaken to subordinate the position of Japanese traditional music and other ethnic music to that of western classical music. The second part of the study was composed of a survey of the attitudes of Japanese parents living in the United States. Results indicated that those parents, like their counterparts in Japan, feared the loss of Japanese characteristics in their children. The third part of the research compared the music preferences of youngsters in Japan with those of youngsters in the United States. Music preferences were given numerical values and analyzed using F-test and t-test. The results indicated significant differences between music preferences and revealed that students with a greater degree of inter-cultural interaction not only showed higher interests in ethnic music but also indicated higher preferences for traditional Japanese music. The results of this research support the hypothesis that environmental conditions, particularly the effects of enculturation, which is the process of an individual learning his culture, have a major impact on an individual's music preferences. Clearly, the United States can not be brought to Japan but an open minded approach to instruction and a general acceptance of all foreign cultures can be incorporated into Japan's education system. Changes may produce substantial differences in the way Japanese children view themselves, view their native musical heritage, and possibly view the world.
Start New Search

Browse by Category

Browse by Type

Submissions

Do you have an article or research paper relating to arts education? Submit to our database!